ISIRES (Italian research & Development Institute) is based on the acquired experience as from 2011 since the application of Law 106/2011 that granted a series of benefits to those private companies that carried out research and development activities.

The North West district lacked of a body that could take care of integrating enterprises into the scientific and technical world. A highly qualified body of scientific coordination, technical certification, laboratories and project managers along with experts and tutors.  Here the decision to found in Piedmont a private research organisation body provided with its own technical and scientific judging panel. Through certification and formalisation of Research & Development projects, its goal is to spread the outcome by teaching, publishing and technologies transfer.

This is how ISIRES was born collecting a remarkable network of technical and scientific skilled people. Its goal is to support enterprises throughout the basic, applied, industrial and experimental research. It certifies, makes the Research & Development research outcome official by publishing, spreading the knowledge and conveying new technologies.



Its current goals are:

• promoting, supporting and developing ideas, research projects along with public bodies, domestic and international ones through those tools that favour the activity of sharing common research experiences;

• promoting, even along with public, domestic and international bodies, initiatives aimed at spreading scientific, technical and human cultures through any appropriate means and comparing common experiences about university didactics (lectures, universities and students);

• promoting, through the involvement of personalities coming from the scientific, technological and humanist worlds and/or experts in the field, the realisation of “good application of the rules of research and development” ensuring legal and financial support provided by dedicated institutional bodies.

• promoting the exchange of experience among individuals and those enterprises operating in Europe for the invention, production and organisational innovation to evolve relating processes;

• searching for material, economic and financial support from trading companies, institutions and public bodies in order to sustain the activities of research, invention and innovation undertaken by those interacting with the company;

• setting up “theme technological laboratories” for the creation and invention of new products, processes and technologies to make it available to individuals and enterprises with no discriminations;

• researching and exploiting in the national territory and in Europe the opportunities to research, develop and study even with the aim at creating new jobs for the young, workers and domestic enterprises;

• supporting the relations and interactions with universities, work places in order to promote communication and in-depth analysis with particular reference to new careers, in order to address people through a more integrated educational path;

• promoting and supporting young people, individuals or those enterprises aimed at researching, inventing and innovating the production processes, distribution, products and services promotion to develop economical and commercial activities, procedures and services;

• promoting educational paths to re employ those workers that have obsolete skills that are no longer required as well as those belonging to needy categories of people.

  

Online references 

Arianna, www.anagrafenazionalericerche.it/arianna/

Cineca, www.cineca.it/

Extracts from European legislation

The European legislation concerning funds to support research, development and innovation (2006/C 323/01), 2.2, letter d), introduces the definition of research organization as non-profit such as a university, a research institute regardless its status (according to public or private law) or financial source. The main goal consists of carrying out basic research, industrial research or development and of spreading the outcome through teaching, publishing or pass on technologies.

All profits are entirely reinvested in research activities, broadcasting its outcome or in training;

Enterprises capable of exercising influence over such bodies, for example as shareholders or members, do not have any preferential access to the research capabilities of the same body or the results produced.

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• Basic research:experimental or theoretical work carried out aimed at acquiring new knowledge on foundations of phenomena and observable facts without any direct application or use;
• Industrial Research: Planned research or critical investigations aimed at acquiring new knowledge to be used to develop new products, processes or services or to allow for improvements in existing products, processes or services or the creation of complex system components needed for industrial except for the prototypes referred to in the definition of experimental development;
• Research and Experimental Development:
Acquisition, combination, structuring and utilization of existing scientific, technological and commercial knowledge and capabilities for the purpose of producing plans, projects or designs for new, modified or improved products, processes or services; May also be other activities designed for conceptual definition, planning and documentation relating to new products, processes and services; Such activities may include the drawing up of projects, drawings, plans and other documentation, provided they are not intended for commercial use; realisation of prototypes usable for commercial purposes and pilot projects for technological or commercial experiments, when the prototype is necessarily the final commercial product and its manufacturing cost is too high to use it merely for display and endorsement.

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Manual of Oslo

Innovation economics, concepts of radical innovation and incremental innovation defined by J.Shumpeter in his book Theory of economic development (1912) and present in the Manual of Oslo – The measurement of scientific and technological activities – OECD (2005). Innovations can be regarded according to the novelty rate respect to technology, to the organization and demand in:

Incremental innovations: involve the improvement of a process, a product or service respect to a dominant design, product architecture, production process or existing demand;
Radical innovations: represent a total break up with already existing products or processes. New industries or market segments are originated by these innovations. Examples are the passage from thermionic valves to transistors and from those with large calculators to personal computers. The incremental innovations are more numerous whereas the radical ones are rarer. J. Shumpeter contributed to distinguish incremental innovations to radical ones and he proposed a list of various types of innovation:
Product innovation: improvement of an already existing product or creation of a new one that can meet the customers’ needs as in quality, technological content, performance and that can be competitive;
Process innovation: improvement or creation from scratch of a production process that can reduce costs, improve product quality or manufacture new products;
Organisational innovation: change in the company organizational structure aimed at improving its management adapting to own business changes and to its context;
Opening of new markets;
Access to new sectors.