Sosteniamo la rivoluzione delle idee.

The Italian Research and Development Institute bases its foundation on the experience gained since 2011, in the application of Law 106/2011 which recognized a series of benefits for those private companies that carried out research and development activities.

Over the last few years, through the introduction of innovations, it has been possible to raise labor productivity to the point that national policy has also accelerated regulations in this direction. The Italian Government has finalized the National Research Program 2015 - 2020 as well as the National Industry 4.0 Plan, which illustrate a set of organic and complementary measures, able to favor investments for innovation and competitiveness.

From this point of view, all the measures that were found to be effective in responding fully to the emerging needs were strengthened and addressed in a logic 4.0, and new ones were planned in parallel, to regulate the process triggered by the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

On the national territory, the North-West District lacked an entity specifically concerned with integrating the technical-scientific world with that of the enterprise, reducing the distance that often existed between the two in an attempt to develop (Technical/Practical Knowledge) know-how and synergistic collaboration in order to achieve common goals.

In this way ISIRES was born, a Research Organization in which multidisciplinary figures operate, with the aim to link knowledge in all its forms to technology, acting as an intermediary with companies, whose economic trend is increasingly focused on acquisition of specialized knowledge. The aim of the Italian Research and Development Institute is to accompany entrepreneurship along the innovative project path in order to favor its development and growth.



• Encourage, support and develop research and development initiatives and projects in collaboration with public and private national and international organizations, through tools that facilitate the exchange of study and research experiences;

• Promote, also in collaboration with public and private national and international organizations, initiatives aimed at the dissemination of scientific, technical and humanistic culture, making use of all the instruments considered appropriate by allowing the binding common experiences in the field of university education in the world (professors, universities and students);

• Support, through the participation of personalities (individuals) from the scientific, technological and humanistic world and / or academics of the sector, the realization of the "good practice of the rules of investigation and experimentation", proposing the regulatory and financial support to the institutional organizations in charge;

• Encourage the exchange of experience between individuals and companies operating in the European continent, in order to allow the evolution of related processes through invention and productive and organizational innovation;

• Seek material, economic and financial support from commercial companies, institutions and public bodies to support research and innovation initiatives implemented by individuals and companies that interact with the institute;

• Create "thematic technological workshops" for the creation and invention of new products, processes and technologies to be made available to individuals and companies with equal access opportunities and without any discrimination;

• Investigate and explore in the national territory and in the European continent the opportunities for research, experimentation and study, also with the purpose of creating and offering employment sources for the youths, workers and companies that operate in the national territory;

• Support the interaction and relationship among universities, professionals and work world, thanks to the promotion of debates, with particular reference to new professions, in order to guide young people through a largely integrated training path;

• Support the youths, individuals and companies dedicated to research, invention and innovation of production processes, promotion of products and services that pursue the development of economic, commercial activities;

• Promote training courses for the reintegration into the labor world of workers with obsolete professional skills or those that are no longer required in the current work world.



What is a Research Organism?

The first definition of a research organization is provided by “State aid regulation for research, development and innovation” (Communication of the European Commission n.2006 / C 323/01). Nowadays the notion of a Research Organization is updated according to the content of the communication of the European Commission n.2014 / C 198/01 that provides an additional clarification specifying that it is: “An entity irrespective of its legal status (organized under public or private law) or way of financing, whose primary goal is to independently conduct fundamental research, industrial research or experimental development or to widely disseminate the results of such activities by way of teaching, publication or knowledge transfer.”

What are the Areas of Research?

The core business of ISIRES is research that can be divided into:
• Basic Research also called Fundamental: it includes experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundations of phenomena and observable facts, without any direct commercial application or use in view;
• Industrial Research: The acquisition of new knowledge and skills for developing new products, processes or services or for bringing about a significant improvement in existing products, processes or services for the creation of components of complex systems, excluding prototyping.
• Experimental research and development or technological transfer: it means acquiring, combining, shaping and using existing scientific, technological and business and other relevant knowledge and skills to develop new or improved products, processes or services. It also includes the construction of prototypes.
• Applied research: it is the combination of two types of activities.

What is a Research and Development Project?

A Research and Development Project is an operation that includes activities that fall within one or more categories of research and development described above, aimed at performing an indivisible function of an economic, scientific or technical nature with clearly defined goals.
The duration and the budget of the activities must be defined, but they may still undergo changes over time, due to the difficulty of predicting the time and costs to achieve the established goals due to theoretical experiments and uncertainty of the final result.

What is an Innovation?

The concept of Innovation is analyzed by the Oslo Handbook - The Measurement of Scientific and Technological Activities - OECD (2005), which addresses this issue by referring to the radical innovation and incremental innovation theories defined by J. Shumpeter in the text Development theory economic (1912).

• Radical innovations: they represent a radical break with existing products or processes. From these innovations in some cases new industries or market segments arise. As an example, the transition from thermionic valves to transistors and the replacement of personal computers to large computers are part of this type of innovation.

• Incremental innovations: imply an improvement of a process, a product or a service with respect to a specific dominant design, product architecture, production process or existing demand.
The work of J. Shumpeter has also led to the taxonomic subdivision of the types of innovation:

• Product innovation: refers to the improvement of an existing product or the creation of a new one that meets the new needs and expectations of the user taking into account the qualitative aspect of the content or technological performance and, at the same time, allows to maintain a Competitive advantage Compared to the proposal of competitors.

• Innovations in the processes: implies a significant improvement or the creation of a production or distribution process that allows to improve or obtain new products through a reduction of costs and work schedules.

• Organizational innovation: involves the change of the organizational structure of the company with the aim of improving its management, adapting to changes in its business and in the reference context..

• Opening new markets

• Entry into new sectors

What is the Research and Development Activity?

In order to provide guidelines on what falls within Research and Development (R & D) activity, the Frascati Manual-Guidelines for collecting and reporting data on research and experimental development, The Measurement of Scientific, Technological and Innovation Activities - OECD (2015) reports the five criteria that must be met:

– Novelty
– Creativity
– Uncertainty about the final result
– Systematicity
– Transferability and / or reproducibility

N.B. the aforementioned criteria should be interpreted as an expression of an articulated thought relative to the subject of design and, therefore, not absolute.

The Oslo (2005) and Frascati (2015) manuals play a leading role in the R & D domain, fulfilling the role of the fundamental orientation tools in the world of research as global models for measurement in research and development .